AUL-Legazpi

Research

Faculty Research Development Program

Research is central to Aquinas University's mission for it is widely accepted as an integral part of AQ transformative education. The purpose of research is to advance existing knowledge in a discipline, to fill significant gaps in such knowledge, to devise new modes or means of expression, and to develop new paradigms in arts, sciences, and the humanities.

One crucial factor in order to establish and instill AQ Research Culture and thereby ascertain the level of achievement in research development activities is the conception of a faculty research development program.

The Faculty Research Development Program is designed to respond to the need of the University and Faculty to conduct researches relevant and contributory to AQ Transformative Education.  It aims to provide resources, systems, procedures, and techniques for the research and publication of information necessary for the continuous development of the faculty's instructional and extension-based competencies.

The AQ Office of Academic Affairs seeks to fulfill the university's commitment to academic excellence by developing faculty-scholars at all academic levels. The University Academic Research depends on faculty cooperation, program planning, and judicious use of limited funds. They should recognize research activities as a normal part of a productive faculty member's academic work that enhances instruction, extension, and general academic effectiveness. Faculty development activities presume a commitment on the part of all faculty and departments to coordinate their instructional, extension-based, and developmental programs and activities to optimize the provision of university resources.

The Faculty Research Development Program benefits not only the University and the individual faculty-scholar but most importantly the students and society. When they are engaged in research, our faculty model for our students the pleasure and passion of continuous learning.

The activities of the Faculty Research Development Program are:

  1. Faculty Training and Exposure Both on Quantitative and Qualitative Researches
  2. Re-Alignment of All Faculty Research Activities to the AQ Research Theme and Agenda
  3. Identification and Empowerment of Research Teams to Conduct Prioritized Research Topics
  4. Prioritization of Academic Researches Along the Integration of Research, Instruction, and Extension
  5. Provision of Research Opportunities to Faculty with Reasonable Incentives in forms of such as Institutional Grants, Thesis/Dissertation Grants, Fellowship Grants, Extension Research Grants, and Grants from External Agencies
  6. Establishment of a Pool for Advisers, Panel Chairpersons, Panel Members, Statisticians, and Editors
  7. Regular Conduct of Series of Paper Presentations Sponsored by Office of Academic Affairs
  8. Re-Activation of TAGBA, now as the official academic research journal of the university, a publication for the researches done by administrators and faculty
  9. Re-view and Adoption of University Academic Research Program
  10. Optimization of AQ Research Fund

Classifications of Academic Researches In The University

The academic researches in the university are classified in terms of the nature and duration of research. Based on the nature of research are the following kinds:

  1. Project-Based Research
    • Description
      • Time frame of research project depends on the target of the project; it could be short term, medium term, or long term research
      • Usually extension-based research
    • Involved Persons
      • There could be a research team composed of leading faculty researchers and may also consist of faculty research assistants; the exact number would actually depend on the research design as set by the research project
    • Benefits
      • Faculty researchers will have cash incentive as set or determined by the demands of the research project
      • Faculty Researchers will still have teaching loads but they may be deloaded depending on the merit of the research project and with consultation with the concerned departments
    • Fund Support
      • Funding support of the research project may depend on the nature of the research and research design
  2. Institutional Research
    • Description
      • Research could be short term, medium term, or long term
      • Must be aligned with the university research theme and agenda along the university advocacies
      • Institutional research may be an intercollegiate research or a research showing integration of research, instruction, and extension, or a college research deemed by the university as institutional research
    • Involved Persons
      • Faculty Researchers with the required expertise and master's degrees are qualified to avail or to be given research projects
      • Students may be part in the research project (i.e. data gathering, data preparation, etcetera)
    • Benefits
      • Involved Faculty Researchers will have cash incentive
    • Fund Support
      • Funding support can come from the university research fund or from external agencies or linkage partners
  3. Instructional Research
    • Description
      • Research related to instruction
      • Sponsored and prioritized by a certain college through the College Research Council
      • Research could be short term or medium term depending on the research design
    • Involved Persons
      • Faculty Researchers with the required expertise and master's degrees are qualified to avail or to be given research projects
      • Students may be part in the research project (i.e. data gathering, data preparation, etcetera)
    • Benefits
      • Faculty Researcher will only have 15-unit load with a maximum of three preparations in the covered one-semester period of the research project
      • Faculty Researcher will have cash incentive equivalent to 20% of the research project cost to be added to the original research project cost
    • Fund Support
      • Funding support will come from the university research fund or college research fund or from external agencies or linkage partners
  4. Extension Research
    • Description
      • Research related to extension
      • Sponsored and prioritized by the Center of Community Extension Services (CCES)
      • Usually a project-based research
  5. Basic Research
    • Description
      • Theoretical or pure research
      • It can be in a form of philosophical thesis, literary criticism, professional article, synthesis document, analytical paper, term paper, expert essay, and the like
      • The goal of the basic research paper is to contribute as a new knowledge to the given discipline or specialization or field of study
      • Sponsored and prioritized by a certain college through the College Research Council
      • The basic research must possess the following characteristics:
        1. Substantial: This criterion is the most important among all criteria given. This refers to the concepts and principles treated, expounded, founded, created, evaluated, and synthesized in the research. It has to do with the extent these concepts and principles were utilized and shown in the study given the discipline covering the research.
        2. Worthwhile: The relevance of a research study is of paramount importance in any attempt to judge its quality. It has to do with the potential of a research study for adding to and deepening our understanding of issues associated with a discipline. Also, research that leads the field in new directions is often more worthwhile than replications of existing research studies.
        3. Coherent: Among the weaknesses most often cited by reviewers of manuscripts is the mismatch between the research question and the research methods and analysis techniques employed to answer the question. Thoughtful researchers first give serious attention to identifying interesting and worthwhile research questions and then to selecting the research methods and techniques that best fit the nature of those questions.
        4. Competent: It is not enough that a research study involve relevant, interesting questions and be carefully conceptualized, designed, and reported. In addition, the conduct of the study itself must include the effective application of analysis and interpretation techniques. Principles have been developed within various disciplines to guide researchers in carrying out their studies. Although these principles should not be followed slavishly, competent researchers always consider them in order to ensure that every aspect of their studies is appropriately and carefully carried out.
        5. Open: Openness involves two qualities. First, in planning and conducting their investigations, good researchers are cognizant of the personal biases and assumptions that underlie their inquiry and, to the extent that it is possible to do so, they make these biases and assumptions public. Second, the conceptual/theoretical bases for a study and the research methods and techniques used should be described in sufficient detail to allow the research community to scrutinize them thoroughly.
        6. Ethical: Considerations of ethics have been all but ignored in previous efforts to establish criteria for judging research. These considerations have to do with two concerns: (a) the manner in which the research has been conducted in relation to the research subjects, and (b) acknowledgment of the contributions of others. The first concern involves matters such as informed consent, confidentiality, and accurate portrayal of situations and persons involved in the research. The second concern includes acknowledgment of the contributions of all persons who contributed to the research project, as well as open recognition of individuals whose research has influenced the present research.
        7. Credible: This criterion has to do with the extent to which sensible, thoughtful, and open-minded readers find the claims and conclusions made in a research report believable. That is, the claims made and conclusions drawn should be justified in some acceptable way. Moreover, the arguments and interpretations provided in a research report should be presented in a manner that makes it possible to verify or refute the conclusions drawn.
    • Involved Persons
      • Faculty Researchers with the required expertise and master's degrees are qualified to avail or to be given research projects
    • Benefits
      • The honorarium in the amount range of Six Thousand Pesos to Twelve Thousand Pesos (Php 6, 000.00 - Php 12, 000.00) shall be given to the faculty researcher after submitting the final copy of the research report.
    • Fund Support
      • Funding support will come from the university research fund or college research fund

Based on the duration of research are the following kinds:

  1. Short Term Research
    • Description
      • Research that runs only for a semester
      • It could be institutional research, instructional research, or extension research
    • Involved Persons
      • There should only be one faculty researcher involved in the entire duration of the research
      • Faculty Researcher should have the required master's degree to do the research and considered to be expert in his/her field
    • Benefits
      • Faculty Researcher will only have 15-unit load with a maximum of three preparations in the covered one-semester period of the research project
      • Faculty Researcher will have cash incentive equivalent to 20% of the research project cost
      • Funding support can come from the university research fund or from external agencies or linkage partners
  2. Medium Term Research
    • Description
      • Research that runs only for one academic year (summer term not included)
      • It could be institutional research, instructional research, or extension research
      • The nature of research requires triangulation (combination of quantitative and qualitative researches)
    • Involved Persons
      • There could be two faculty researchers involved in the entire duration of the research depending on the level of difficulty of the research as identified in the research design
      • Faculty Researchers should have the required master's degree to do the research and considered to be experts in their respective fields
      • Faculty Researcher(s) should not come from the same academic program to maintain and promote interdisciplinarity
    • Benefits
      • Faculty Researcher(s) shall only have 15-unit load with a maximum of three preparations in the covered one whole academic year period of the research project
      • Faculty Researcher will have cash incentive equivalent to 20% of the research project cost
    • Fund Support
      • Medium term research is equivalent of two short term researches in terms of funding support
  3. Long Term Research
    • Description
      • Research that runs for a maximum of two academic years inclusive of summer terms
      • It could be institutional research, instructional research, or extension research
      • The nature of research requires rigorous and complex methodologies, approaches, and designs
    • Involved Persons
      • There could be a research team composed of leading faculty researchers and may also have faculty research assistants; the exact number would actually depend on the research design
    • Benefits
      • Faculty Researchers may not have teaching loads due to the demands of the research project
      • The cash incentive of the faculty researchers will depend on the nature and demand of the research project; such incentive will be part of the research project cost
    • Fund Support
      • Funding support of the research project may depend on the nature of the research and research design

Guidelines for Academic Researches as Initiated by the Office of the Vice Rector for Academic Affairs

  1. The Office of the Vice Rector for Academic Affairs (OVRAA) shall identify faculty researchers who are both able and willing (enough) to do the prioritized researches of the university. The Faculty Researchers are chosen based on the criteria set by the Academic Research Bureau (ARB). The set criteria are composed of academic preparation, expertise on the topic, credibility and reputation, and work attitudes and values. The identified faculty researchers shall accomplish AR-001.
  2. Research grants are arranged based on the priorities set through series of consultations and workshops spearheaded by the OVRAA through the Academic Research Bureau (ARB) and by the College Research Council (CRC) in strict coordination with the Academic Extension Coordinator (AEC) and Academic Instruction Coordinator (AIC).
  3. The OVRAA shall be responsible for the preliminary arrangements on the prioritized researches based on the results of series of consultations and workshops.
  4. The faculty researchers shall prepare the research designs in close coordination with the ARC, AEC, AIC, and the Vice Rector of the Academic Affairs (VRAA).
  5. The prioritized researches shall be classified and qualified according to basic researches, applied researches, evaluative researches, extension researches, and policy-led researches in consonance with the identified university research agenda.
  6. All prioritized researches shall be classified as short term, medium term, or long term depending on the nature of these researches from which the qualifications, functions, and benefits of the faculty researchers are defined.
  7. Faculty researchers are encouraged and allowed to create their own research form, format, style, and flow. For example, for Social Sciences and Philosophy researches, they may be in forms of academic papers, lecture papers, seminar papers, and the like; for Engineering, prototypes and narrative descriptions of these prototypes; for Mass Communications, documentary films, indie films, video tapes/CDs with narrative descriptions of these production outputs. Faculty researchers may also have a different presentation i.e. the research may have the review of literature and/or theoretical background at the start of the research and immediately followed by significance of the study; instead of having statement of the problem, the paper may have objectives of the study; research methodology may be found also at the first part. Faculty researchers may have these changes provided that they are rationally and reasonably logical to do so. Traditional ways of doing research are still recognized.
  8. There shall be three modes of release of the research grant: the first shall be given after the signing of the contract, the second after submission of the midterm report, and third after the completion and submission of the research report.
  9. A Memorandum Of Agreement (MOA) or Memorandum Of Understanding (MOU) shall be made to establish the legal relationship and stipulate the obligations and responsibilities of the faculty researcher(s) and the university in the conduct of the research from the start to the end of the research process.
  10. The faculty researcher(s) shall be obliged to present his/her findings to the community and open for public reason. The critiqued and improved papers will be considered for publication, to be included in the peer-reviewed journal of the university, the TAGBA Faculty Journal.
  11. The faculty researcher(s) shall submit a research report based on the following technical format:
    1. No page numbers should be printed. Default font used should be Times New Roman.
    2. The default font for the paper title should be Times New Roman 20.
    3. The default font for the author's name should be Times New Roman 14; texts should be centered and in bold type.
    4. The default font for author's affiliations should be Times New Roman 12 and are justified with single-line spacing.
    5. Include the author's e-mail address right below the author's name with the default font Times New Roman 12, with the texts centered.
    6. The ‘Abstract' should be justified with single-line spacing and the default font as Times New Roman 10.
    7. The margins should be based on short bond paper size (8.5” x 11”).
    8. The left and right margins should be set at 1”.
    9. The main text of the research report should be justified with single-line spacing in default font Times New Roman 12.
    10. References must be cited properly in the text of the research report. Follow the AQ guidelines for in-text citations reference list formats.
    11. Tables and figures should be properly captioned and numbered. For figures, the caption should appear clear below each figure. For tables, the caption should appear immediately above the table. Place all the figures and tables at the center of the page. 
    12. Paper length is limited to a minimum of five pages and maximum of 20 pages.
    13. Keywords should be clearly indicated.
  1. Generally, the details of the research report should be:
    1. What you studied and why (Research problem or Objectives of the study)
    2. Background of the study (Basis of the study)
    3. How you went about the research (Description of the steps or procedures)
    4. What you discovered (Findings), and
    5. What are the implications of your results (Interpretations and Implications)
  2. Specifically, the content format is as follows:
    1. Research Title
    2. Abstract
    3. Rationale
    4. Review of Literature
    5. Objectives
    6. Procedure or Methodology (Research Design)
    7. Discussion of Results
    8. Interpretations and Implications
    9. Conclusion
    10. Recommendations
    11. References (follow the provided rules for editing and documentation as provided)
  1. The faculty researcher(s) shall present the research report to the Review and Evaluation Committee instituted and formed by the Academic Research Bureau.
  1. The criteria to be observed by the Review and Evaluation Committee in reviewing and evaluating the research report are the following (based on AR-006):
    1. Creativity, Originality, and Quality of the Research Output (30%)
    2. Quality Level and Significance of the Findings, Interpretations, and Implications (40%)
    3. Manuscript, Write-Up (15%)
    4. Paper Presentation (15%)
  1. The research report should have a rating of at least 85% in order to be accepted by the Office of Academic Affairs and be included in the research publication such as TAGBA as the Official Academic Research Journal in the University.
  2. In case the rating of the submitted research report is below 85%, the research report shall be returned to the faculty researcher(s) for revision and correction as suggested and recommended by the Review and Evaluation Committee.
  3. The presentation of findings and the publication of the research outputs shall be the main responsibility of the OVRAA. A separate budget allocation shall be provided for this purpose.

Implementing Guidelines for Graduate Studies Incentive Grant

  1. The Graduate Studies Incentive Grant is designed for AQ faculty on the graduate studies pipeline, that is, faculty about to finish his/her degree in a university who need financial support.  Rather than lose the time, effort, and resources already spent on graduate study, the grant aims to enable the faculty member to complete the graduate studies program.
  2. Faculty members in the final year of their graduate studies program (proof of which must be submitted), who do not enjoy any other grant or support except for their salary, may apply for the grant.
  3. The grant shall cover thesis or dissertation writing for a period of up to twelve months.
  4. Applications shall be sent to the Academic Research Bureau (ARB) Screening Committee c/o the Office of the Vice Rector for Academic Affairs (OVRAA) created for this purpose, which shall select the best applications and prioritize them according to merit. There shall only be four research grant slots available per semester.
  5. The Department/College shall submit applicant's track record:  (1) performance in graduate school and likelihood of completing the degree; (2) papers read in conferences, completed research projects and publications or creative work and other intellectual outputs; and (3) if the applicant previously enjoyed a grant, why it was stopped.
  6. The Department/College shall also describe the applicant's potential contribution to his/her unit and indicate if the applicant is tenured or on tenure track.
  7. The applicant must state his/her commitment to complete the program within one year at most and indicate the expected date of completion.
  8. The Department/College shall prioritize the eligible faculty according to its needs:  which type of expertise is most needed at the moment and/or fits its thrust.
  9. The following documents shall be attached to the application form: (1) itemized budget of each applicant and basis for proposed amounts; and (2) proof of applicant's program status (must indicate what remains to be done - e.g., how many chapters, if any, have been written up, etc.) certified by adviser, copy of grades, letter of recommendation from adviser.
  10. The Department/College shall forward its recommendations to the ARB Screening Committee on Graduate Studies Incentive Grant c/o the OVRAA, which shall recommend to the Rector and President for approval of the graduate studies incentive grant.
  11. ARB Screening Committee on Graduate Studies Incentive Grant c/o the OVRAA shall finalize the budget of application, and shall make adjustments, if necessary, so as to ensure that the costs are justified and the rates are reasonable.
  1. ARB Screening Committee shall deliberate on the merit of the manuscript based on the following criteria:

 

    1. Significance of the Research
      1. Contribution to the development of theory, knowledge or practice
      2. Contribution to the advancement of methodology
      3. Importance to a wide or critical/influential population
      4. Timeliness or focus on current issues
      5. Evaluation of a specific practice
      6. Fills a research gap
      7. Originality of the research
      8. Contribution to existing knowledge
    1. Alignment to the AQ Research Agenda
      1. Agenda I
        1. Developing New Knowledge in the Languages, Social Sciences, Natural Sciences, and the Humanities
        2. Sustained Growth with Equity and Stability
        3. Promoting Full, Decent, and Productive Employment
        4. Enhancing Competitiveness of Industry and Services
        5. Building Information and Communication Technology
        6. Tourism Development
        7. Accelerating Infrastructure Development
        8. Modernizing Agriculture and Fisheries
        9. Social Equity Through Agrarian Reform
        10. Sustainable Management and Use of Natural Resources
        11. Investing in Education and Training       
        12. Enhancing Health Care
        13. Access to Shelter
        14. Protecting Vulnerable Groups
        15. Balanced Regional Development
        16. Securing Peace and Development
        17. Fighting Poverty with Good Governance
      2. Agenda II
        1. Transformative Education
        2. Environment and Biodiversity
        3. Good Governance
        4. Sustainable Development
        5. Disaster Management
        6. Peace
        7. Bikol Culture
        8. Gender and Development
        9. Human Rights
        10. People Empowerment
        11. Health
        12. Nationalization of Vital Industries
        13. Consumers' Rights
      3. Agenda III
        1. Governance and Management
        2. Quality of Teaching and Research
        3. Support for Students
        4. Relations with the Community
        5. Management of Resources

 

    1. Type of Expertise Needed by the University (as identified by the OVRAA and HRMO)
      1. Natural Sciences
      2. Social Sciences
      3. Humanities
      4. Languages
    1. Possible Convergence of Instruction, Research, and Extension
      1. Integration of Research to Instruction
      2. Integration of Extension to Instruction
      3. Integration of Extension to Research
      4. Integration of Instruction, Research, and Extension

 

  1. Once approved by the Rector and President, the Academic Research Coordinator (ARC) shall facilitate in the release of the grant with coordination to the Office of the Vice Rector for Finance (OVRF).
  2. Grantee shall sign a contract with the University upon acceptance of the incentive grant and shall be bound by University rules and policies.
  3. There shall be three modes of release of the incentive grant: the first shall be given after the signing of the contract, the second after submission of the midterm report, and third after the completion and submission of the research report.
  4. For the first release, the grantee should submit first the proposal manuscript as corrected based on the suggestions and/or recommendations of the ARB Screening Committee. The manuscript should include the following:
    1. Proposal Summary (title, keywords, duration, budget, abstract)
    2. Details of the Proposal (significance, background, statement of the research problem, objectives, review of related literature, methodology, present status, originality, work plan, proposed budget, list of personnel, cooperating agencies, signature of the grantee)
  1. For the second release, the midterm report should be submitted first to the OVRAA through ARC. The midterm report is composed of the findings and interpretations of the study based on the submitted proposal manuscript.
  2. For the third release, the manuscript should have been approved first by the defense panel of the grantee and accepted by the ARB.
  3. Grantee shall commence their research within a year from the notice of the incentive grant.
  4. Grantee shall submit a midterm report to the ARC and turn in the final report within a month after the grant ends. The University shall have first option on the manuscript should the author wish to publish it.  Publications and other outputs produced in the course of or as a result of the graduate studies incentive grant shall be bound by the University policy.
  5. Any publication resulting from the graduate studies incentive grant shall be attached to the report and acknowledge the support of the University.  Comments of the Graduate Studies Coordinator at the collaborating university/institution shall likewise be attached.
  6. At the end of the grant period, grantee shall submit to the OVRAA proof of completion of the degree program.
  7. Those whose grants are terminated for cause during the period of study shall return the full amount received.
  8. Payments to the University shall be made directly in case of resignation or retirement, or through salary deductions in other cases.
  9. Grantee (tenured, on tenure track, on probation, or part time employee) shall render a mandatory service of full a one full academic year (with the summer inclusive) both for masterate program and doctorate program immediately after the completion of the degree program.
  10. Failure to comply with the terms of the grant shall disqualify the recipient from all AQ grants and open him/her to such sanctions as may apply to the violations of pertinent University regulations.